这货不是馒头——援外谢尔曼的神改装简介

  【PCgames原创】作为美系最具代表性的战车,谢尔曼这个馒头出口到了很多美国的盟国,对于这些援外型号,也经过了很多修改,今天小编就带大家去看看神改装的谢尔曼坦克。

  In this article I will be looking at the modified Sherman Tanks of Great Britain, Canada, Israel, Yugoslavia, and other nations. Don't worry about other American versions right now.

  Now you should all know the famous British version of the M4, the Firefly, or more officially the Cruiser Sherman VC. Fitted with the 17 pounder(pdr for short) the Firefly brought to the Sherman firepower that could destroy almost anything it came up against. The need for the Firefly arose due to the slow production of the British Challenger, so the Brits decided to cram the 17 pdr into the Sherman's turret that originally mounted the 75 mm gun. The M4's large turret ring and the 17 pdr's heavy but small breech made the conversion possible. Muzzle breaks, an enhanced recoil mechanism, and a new depression/elevation mechanism(-5 degrees to + 20 degrees--Darn those Brits for making the Sherman uncomfortable).

  作为英国魔改的典范,tommy对M4的改造是登封造极的, 装上了17磅炮的Cruiser Sherman VC如果这个名字你不太熟悉的话,好吧,它就是著名的萤火虫坦克,它拥有的强大火力可以摧毁面前的任何敌人,因为挑战者的产量太低,英军对萤火虫的需求就更高了。

坦克世界

  Here are some Kiwis in front of thier Firefly which is disguised as a regular Sherman.

  The Firefly was successful when it was introduced in 1944 in France. The 17 pder was more than capable of destroying Panthers, Tigers, and even a Tiger II if the Firefly loaded an APDS round(I don't recall any Firefly vs. Tiger II engagements though).

  在1944年的法国战场萤火虫正式登上历史舞台,17磅炮的强大火力让他拥有了消灭豹式坦克,虎式坦克,甚至在装上APDS弹药之后甚至可以消灭虎王坦克,虽然这一事实并未找到实战的例子。

  Another interesting tidbit about the British and their Shermans is that the method of ammo storage practiced by the British was very poor and led to increase of fires when hit. The Americans solved their ammo storage problems very quickly, but not the poor Brits.

  还有一点有关谢尔曼坦克的搞笑事情就是在于弹药的存储方面,美国人很快找到了解决方式,而可怜的英国人,还是忘了他们吧。。。

  The Canadians licensed the M4A1 to create the Grizzly. The Grizzly only differed from the M4A1 by having slightly thicker armor and the unique track design but it was the AA version of the Grizzly that is noteworthy(there was a Grizzly Firefly though). The Skink used a modified turret that had 4 20 mm Polsten autocannons. The range of fire of these guns goes from -5 degrees to +80 degrees. A single Skink was deployed with the Canadian forces in 1945, by that time the Luftwaffe didn't really have a whole lot left so the Skink found a new job of cleaning out German soldiers from defensive positions.

  当加拿大人拥有生产M4A1的许可之后,他们创造出了灰熊坦克,灰熊坦克和M4A1的区别在于拥有了更厚一点的的装甲和独特的履带设计。灰熊坦克也有萤火虫版本。而且也有装备有420MM口径装弹机火炮的小蜥蜴坦克。这款坦克的俯仰角从-5到+80。在1945年加拿大军装备了这辆坦克,但是后来这辆坦克没能用来和坦克对抗,而是用来对抗德国空军了。具体形状如下图:

坦克世界

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第1页:英国与加拿大对谢尔曼的改造——萤火虫与灰熊
第2页:以色列人的魔改谢尔曼——超级谢尔曼
第3页:埃及人的法国血统谢尔曼以及南斯拉夫修改版

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