欧洲联合线:二战罗马尼亚装甲部队(一)

   【PCgames原创】小编今天给大家带来罗马尼亚的装甲部队介绍,为以后出现的欧洲联合线做铺垫,敬请期待!

  SS: please note that I omitted some special characters in the Romanian names. The reason is that on certain systems, they don't display properly. Sorry for that.

  SS:请原谅我在文章中引用了一些罗马尼亚文字,因为这个东西英语表达起来还真是不好表达。

  Romania, as one of the Axis powers, is often underestimated by people interested in WW2 history. The general feeling is that the Romanian soldiers were not skilled, not motivated and incompetent, their weapons were obsolete and their armor a laughing stock.

  This is not true - at least not to the extent believed on various forums. Generally it can be said that Romanian soldiers were not any less brave or skilled than their counterparts from other nations. While the Romanian armor was quite obsolete indeed by the middle of the war (moreso than that of Hungary for example), one can only admire the courage it took to fight on such vehicles with enemies such as the Soviet T-34, that completely outclassed everthing the Romanians had, apart from several Panzer IV's. Romanian army however suffered a lot from outdated doctrines, terrible troop supply (partially caused by the lack of motor vehicles - a lot of the cargo had to be towed by horses) and low quality of Romanian steel industry

  罗马尼亚,作为一个轴心国的一员,往往被喜欢二战历史的人忽略(毫无存在感。。。)。普遍的感觉是罗马尼亚士兵技战术落后,十分无能,他们的武器和装甲部队十分落后。好吧,其实这些在论坛里面说法都是不真是的。一般说来,罗马尼亚士兵并不比其他国家士兵缺乏勇气或者训练。而罗马尼亚在战争中使用的装甲车辆在当时确实已过时 (比如和匈牙利相比),只能佩服这些敢用这样的装备和苏联的T-34战斗的罗马尼亚军人了。除了几辆四号坦克,罗马尼亚真的啥东西都没有了。。。而且指挥教条化严重,后勤保障很糟糕,还有罗马尼亚那渣一样的钢铁工业。

  Historical background

  历史背景

  After World War I, in which Romania fought on the Allies' side against the Central powers, it was clear to Romanian officers that the tanks are the weapon of the future, because their role in breaking thru the trench nightmare of WW1 battlefields is invaluable. Therefore, in Spring 1919, it was decided to arm the Romanian army with armor, especially with tanks.

  在一战之后,罗马尼亚在同盟国这一边,对罗马尼亚的指挥官来说,坦克是未来的主流武器,因为在一战的堑壕战里面,大家真的是受尽了折磨,因此在1919年的春天,罗马尼亚军队开始装备装甲车辆,尤其是坦克。

  Ever since WW1, Romania had 34 armored cars in its posession. They were mostly various types of Soviet origin, built on various suspensions (Austin, Garford, Peugeot, Fiat) and they were very worn from the war. Two companies were made of them in 1919, but there was no unificatio of equipment whatsoever and combined with their poor shape, their combat effectiveness was very low (and the Romanians knew that).

  从一战开始,罗马尼亚拥有34辆装甲车辆,大部分是不同类型的苏联车。而且这些车辆都是经过战争的老爷车了,在1919年开始他们编为两个联队的编制,但是它们的装备太差了,实战效率基本为0.

  Therefore, to do things properly, the Romanians basically decided to start from scratch, by founding a new tank combat school. They asked their allies - the French - and the French happily obliged. The school, named "Scoli de Care de asalt" (Assault vehicle school), situated in Giorgiu started to teach new vehicle officers on 21.7.1919 and a week later (1.8.1919), a new Combat vehicle batallion (batalionul de care de lupta) was formed. Along with that, Romania bought 76 FT-17 light tanks from France (45 of which had the 37mm Puteaux gun, the rest was armed with machineguns), assigning them to the bataillion. The batallion itself was divided into 4 companies and fell under artillery command (later in 1922, it was reassigned to the infantry command). While the crews practiced on the vehicles dilligently, the tanks suffered from the intensive training and by 1925 they were quite worn out. By 1930, only 34 tanks and armored cars were still operational, but often in very bad condition.

  因此,为了改善这种状况,罗马尼亚人决定从零开始,成立了一个新的坦克训练学校,请求他们的法国盟友来帮助他们,法国人很乐意的帮助了他们,在Giorgiu于1919年7月21日成立了突击坦克学校训练坦克指挥官。罗马尼亚从法国购置了76辆FT-17,,其中45辆装备了37mm puteaux火炮,剩下的装备的是机枪。这支部队被编为炮兵序列下的四个联队,后来又被编入了步兵序列。在1925年随着训练的结束,这些坦克也不堪重负了。在1930年,还有34辆坦克和装甲车还能继续服役,但装备的状态都已经很糟糕了。

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第1页:悲剧的罗马尼亚装甲历史
第2页:罗马尼亚坦克的转机
第3页:罗马尼亚的第一种坦克R1

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