科普向:坦克世界传说可能出现的瑞士TD线

  During WW2, it could not have escaped the attention of the Swissmilitary that a method of defence against increasingly heavily armoured foreigntanks was going to be required. The current inventory of Swiss tanks at thetime was very modest – although there were stocks of antitank guns, the needfor ‘a big gun on some track’, to paraphrase Winston Churchill, was apparent.

  二战期间,瑞士政府不可能不注意到利用防御才是对付国外越来越重型的坦克最好的方法。那个时候的瑞士坦克设计非常平庸,尽管他们手头有大量反坦克炮,但是对更大的炮的需求,用丘吉尔的话来说,是显而易见的。

  In 1944, the Swiss used one of the Pz.39 tanks they had, whichwas fitted with a Swiss built Saurer CT-1D 125bhp diesel engine and theyinstalled a 75mm cannon. A 105mm HB42 was also mounted experimentally. Thisvehicle was called the Nahkampf-Kanone (NK-1)

  1944年,瑞士利用手头上的Pz.39,装上一台瑞士产苏拉CT-10125马力引擎与一门75mm加农炮,还试验性的装上了105mmHB42炮,被称作Nahkampf-Kanone (NK-1)

  NK-I 75mm炮型

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  NK-I 105mm炮型

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  A better vehicle was still desired, improved with an enclosedsuperstructure to protect the crew, better armour, a more powerful engine and alarger, sturdier chassis. In 1945, the Nahkampf-Kanone (NK-II) version camewith a Saurer CVDM V12 300hp Diesel engine. The upper structure was a verylarge casting and has a good ballistic shape. The NK-II was also fitted with a 75mmand at some point it was tested with a 105mm gun.

  但是瑞士人还想要一部更好的坦克---有封闭战斗室以保护乘员,更好的装甲,更强劲的引擎以及更大更结实的车体。于是在1945年出现了装备苏拉CVDMV12 300马力柴油引擎的NK-II型。上层大部分为铸造结构,具有很好的防弹外形。同样装备75mm炮,并在某个时间换装了105mm炮进行测试。

  NK-II

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  In September 1945, the Swiss received the first Jadgpanzer 38(aka ‘Hetzer’) to Thun by rail. It was supplied by the French, who had capturedit on the Western Front and was painted olive green prior to delivery. Itlacked the standard German notek headlamp, but still mounted theRheinmetall-Borsig Pak 39 L/48 187.5px gun.

  1945年9月,瑞士人得到了第一辆38型坦克歼击车(也就是著名的“追猎者”)。这是一部由法国方面提供的在西线缴获的追猎者,被涂成了橄榄绿,之后通过铁路运到了图恩。这部坦克缺乏德国标志性的车头大灯,但却仍安装着莱茵金属-博尔西希的PaK39 75 L/48炮。

  1st Delivered Jagdpanzer 38 – September 1945

  第一部交付的38型坦克歼击车---1945年9月

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  Following testing, more of this type of tank were requested fromthe Skoda tank works in Czechoslovakia and the next vehicles, still painted inthe German ambush pattern camouflage with a new armoured housing for the StuK40 187.5px assault gun, a sheet-metal guard for the drivers periscope and themuffler from a Pz.39 (LTH-H) tank on the back were delivered. During firingtrials the armoured side skirts were removed.

  随着测试的进行,捷克斯洛伐克的斯柯达工厂收到了生产更多该型坦克的需求。下一批坦克虽然仍然是德国伏击迷彩涂装,但是却更换为可以装备StuK40 75mm突击炮的装甲护盾。同时交付的还有用于保护车长潜望镜片状的金属护件,以及来自Pz.39(LTH-H)坦克后部的消声器。在射击测试中移除了侧裙板。

  Production models of the G-13 (an official designation for theexport Jagdpanzer 38t) did include neither this muffler nor the sheet metalperiscope guard. Although delivery of the prototypes took place in late 1947,there were issues with the Czechoslovakian communist government not permittingthe export, which meant that deliveries were delayed, but delivery of the finalbatch of 20 G-13’s to Switzerland was completed in the first half of 1950. Thepieces delivered in 1950 were all painted in grey.

  G-13的生产型(对于进口的38型坦克歼击车的官方代号)既不含消声器也不含潜望镜片状金属护件。尽管计划于1947年后期交付原型车,但是共产党掌权下的捷克政府并不允许这笔交易,也就意味着交付的日期将会被推迟。不过,最后一批20辆G-13还是于1950年上半年全部交付给了瑞士。1950年交付的这一批均为灰色涂装。

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