During WW2, it could not have escaped the attention of the Swissmilitary that a method of defence against increasingly heavily armoured foreigntanks was going to be required. The current inventory of Swiss tanks at thetime was very modest – although there were stocks of antitank guns, the needfor ‘a big gun on some track’, to paraphrase Winston Churchill, was apparent.
In 1944, the Swiss used one of the Pz.39 tanks they had, whichwas fitted with a Swiss built Saurer CT-1D 125bhp diesel engine and theyinstalled a 75mm cannon. A 105mm HB42 was also mounted experimentally. Thisvehicle was called the Nahkampf-Kanone (NK-1)
A better vehicle was still desired, improved with an enclosedsuperstructure to protect the crew, better armour, a more powerful engine and alarger, sturdier chassis. In 1945, the Nahkampf-Kanone (NK-II) version camewith a Saurer CVDM V12 300hp Diesel engine. The upper structure was a verylarge casting and has a good ballistic shape. The NK-II was also fitted with a 75mmand at some point it was tested with a 105mm gun.
In September 1945, the Swiss received the first Jadgpanzer 38(aka ‘Hetzer’) to Thun by rail. It was supplied by the French, who had capturedit on the Western Front and was painted olive green prior to delivery. Itlacked the standard German notek headlamp, but still mounted theRheinmetall-Borsig Pak 39 L/48 187.5px gun.
1945年9月，瑞士人得到了第一辆38型坦克歼击车(也就是著名的“追猎者”)。这是一部由法国方面提供的在西线缴获的追猎者，被涂成了橄榄绿，之后通过铁路运到了图恩。这部坦克缺乏德国标志性的车头大灯，但却仍安装着莱茵金属-博尔西希的PaK39 75 L/48炮。
1st Delivered Jagdpanzer 38 – September 1945
Following testing, more of this type of tank were requested fromthe Skoda tank works in Czechoslovakia and the next vehicles, still painted inthe German ambush pattern camouflage with a new armoured housing for the StuK40 187.5px assault gun, a sheet-metal guard for the drivers periscope and themuffler from a Pz.39 (LTH-H) tank on the back were delivered. During firingtrials the armoured side skirts were removed.
Production models of the G-13 (an official designation for theexport Jagdpanzer 38t) did include neither this muffler nor the sheet metalperiscope guard. Although delivery of the prototypes took place in late 1947,there were issues with the Czechoslovakian communist government not permittingthe export, which meant that deliveries were delayed, but delivery of the finalbatch of 20 G-13’s to Switzerland was completed in the first half of 1950. Thepieces delivered in 1950 were all painted in grey.
2014-07-18 11:47 来源：其他 责任编辑：lvfeng