侦查豹替代车 德系7级轻坦备选方案解析

  I think that a lot of people (if notmost) will agree that the choice of the Aufklärungspanzer Panther for the tier7 light tank in its supertest incarnation was not a good one. Let*s quickly sumup the (potential) bad sides:

  SS觉得在大多数人看来,往游戏中加入侦查豹作为德系7级LT并不是一个好选择。我们线来看看这么说的理由:

  - the Panther hull is too big

  黑豹的车体过大

  - the vehicle is bulky, hard to hide (eg. no passive scouting)

  这坦克太突兀,难于隐蔽

  - the vehicle is potentially undergunned (50mm L/60 as stock, tier 5 105mmhowitzer and the gold-requiring konisch gun)

  这坦克火力不足(白版炮50mm L/60,5级的105mm榴弹炮以及依赖金币弹的锥膛炮)

  - the vehicle is potentially underpowered (850hp will most likely not cut it,the 1150hp turbine would perhaps help)

  这坦克动力不足(900马力的引擎仍显不足,1150马力的涡轮发动机可能才能改善)

  - considering its speed and its size, its armor is probably insufficient

  考虑到它的体形和尺寸,装甲防护能力仍显不足

  - potantially bad depression (long hull, low turret)

  俯角不足(较长的车体,低矮的炮塔)

  - completely unhistorical with the VK2801 turret

  装VK.28.01的炮塔是完全不合历史的

  Of course this design has one bigadvantage for Wargaming: pretty much no new modelling work is needed, as thehull and turret models are already there (Panther hull, Leopard and VK2801turret). The costs of creating such a vehicle are kept to a minimum. By theway, a friend told me that he believes at this moment Wargaming is in thecost-cutting phase, eg. making new patches (including vehicles) as cheaply aspossible. Let*s recap 8.4 then - 2x Panzer I, Panzer II (remodelled existingPanzer II), Valentine AT (Valentine hull already existed), Churchill GC (well,Churchill hull model was also already there), the whole AT series with vehicleslooking similiar - less modelling work, then there*s the AT-15 model used for AT-15Aand (modified) for Tortoise. Oh yes, and the second FV215b with a remodelledturret. Looks like Wargaming has gone eco friendly and is into recycling rightnow :)

  当然这个选择对于WG而言好处多多:不需要什么建模工作,因为游戏里已经有车体和炮塔的模型了(黑豹,VK.16.02和VK.28.01的炮塔),建模所需的经费维持在了最低水平。一个朋友告诉SS那个时候WG正处于财政紧缩阶段,比如说弄新补丁,加入新车都被要求成本尽可能低。想想当时的那个版本(8.4)---2部I号(I,IC),II号(对现存的II号重新建模),瓦伦丁AT(已有瓦伦丁的车体模型),丘吉尔GC(嘛,丘吉尔的车体模型也是存在的),而且整个AT系列的模型看起来也是很相似的---所需建模的工作就会相应变少,然后就是AT-15的模型,被用于AT-15A,经过修改又被用于土龟。然后183,就是一个对炮塔进行重新建模的FV215b。看起来WG在走环保路线…

  But this is not what this article isabout. It is about the possible alternatives to the T7 AufklärungspanzerPanther. There are several in fact. We are looking at 1944+ vehicles to keep atleast some historical continuity (T6 VK2801 is a late 1943 project while T7 scoutPanther was concieved in early 1942). We have basically three options (with afew more bit obscure ones).

  当然本文的重点不在此。这是关于对7级的侦查豹的可能替换坦克的一个讨论。实际上有好几部。我们将在1944年以后的坦克(方案)中进行发掘以保证历史的连续性(6级的2801是1943年晚期的项目,而7级的侦查豹则是1942年早期改装出来的)。实际上我们有3个候选(有一些很奇怪):

  1. Panzer 38(t) mit Panzer IV-Turm

  带IV号炮塔的38(t)型

  

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  This is a conceptproject by Krupp. In November 1944, Krupp sent a batch of projects to theInspector-general of the tank force (Panzertruppen), proposing to re-armexisting tank designs. The basic idea was to use the best weapon available withthe least amount of armor, so weight is saved and the vehicle is maneuverable.Krupp believed that the vehicle should have enough armor to actually protectitself from its own weapon. In January 1945, the Inspector-general passed theproposals to the Waffenprüfamt 6, who in turn threw most of them out, becauseso many new designs were unrealistic to produce. For Germany it was too lateanyway, but some of these proposals were technically very interesting.

  这是一个克虏伯提出的概念。1944年11月,克虏伯向装甲兵总监提交了一系列方案,提议更换现有设计所采用的武备。基本的思路就是尽可能减少装甲来给坦克装上可用的最佳武器,这样既能节省重量,也能保持机动性。克虏伯相信此类坦克能够抵御来自其所携带武器的攻击。1945年1月,总监将这批方案移交武器局6处,但是后者抛弃了其中的大部分,因为许多新型设计难于生产,对于德国而言它们来得也太晚,但一些方案从技术上看却非常有意思。

  One of the proposalswas to put a Panzer IV turret on the redesigned Panzer 38t hull and re-arm itwith the L/48 75mm KwK 40 cannon (lower picture). It was deemed technicallypossible to mount the turret at the cost of reduction of the hull angle and armor,but the weight would stress the roadwheels immensely. The vehicle (projected toweight 16 tons) would thus have little mobility advantage, compared to theHetzer hull. The armor would be roughly comparable to the Hetzer (60mm front,cca 20mm sides).

  其中就包含一份将个IV号的炮塔安装在经重新设计的38t车体上的方案,并将主武器更换为KwK4075mm L/48炮(上图中位置较低者)。从技术上看,减少车体正面的倾角与装甲厚度后确实可以装上这炮塔,但是增加的重量会给负重轮带来极大的压力。因此该坦克(重约16吨)和追猎者相比机动性将不占优。装甲和追猎者的有一拼(正面60mm,侧面约为20mm)

  Now, three thingscould make it viable for scouting:

  那么,有3个方面可以让它成为一部可行的侦察车

  a) more powerful engine (originally, Tatra T103 was intended, but 220hp doesn*treally cut it for 16 tons)

  1.更加强劲的引擎(最初计划安装的是泰托拉T103,但是220马力对于一个16吨的坦克而言还略显不足)

  b) the Panzer IV turret can hold a 105mm howitzer (eg. firepower comparable tothe Aufklärungspanzer Panther)

  2.IV号的炮塔上能够安装105mm榴弹炮(火力得赶上侦查豹)

  c) the PAW 600.

  PAW600 (as shown on the upper picture) was historically considered(as it was very light), but for World of Tanks it has one main disadvantage:it*s a smoothbore weapon. Wargaming would probably deny it on that basis only.There are other options however (the same that could apply for theAufklärungspanzer Panther) - 50mm autocannons for example.

  3.PAW 600

  历史上也确实考虑过装备这炮(因为重量较低),但是对于WoT而言有1个明显缺点:它是滑膛炮。WG可能基于此直接拒绝将该车加入游戏。不过还有其它主炮选项(和侦查豹相同)---比如说50mm自动炮

  

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  PAW 600:又称8H63,8cm滑膛炮,HEAT穿深大约140

  2. Aufklärungspanzer38d

  侦查38(d)

  

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