坦克世界坦克歼击车计划:IT-122和IT-130

  Recently, in a new articleabout the foreign use of the T-62 tank (an interesting subject by itself, bythe way) an interesting vehicle was mentioned: the Soviet tank destroyer IT-130(along with the rather well-known IT-1 rocket tank destroyer), based on theT-62 hull. I did a quick research and here's what I found:

  最近,在一篇关于在外军中服役的T-62的文章中,出现了一个有趣的名字:苏联坦克歼击车IT-130(和著名的IT-1火箭坦克歼击车被一并提及),基于T-62车体。下面就是作者经过短暂研究后得出的一些东西:

  In 1978, a GRU officerVladimir Rezun, known nowadays under the pseudonym of "ViktorSuvorov", defected with his family to England. Rezun worked as a militaryanalyst. Naturally, he caught the interest of British secret service, whoseofficers debriefed him. It is not clear whether "Suvorov" was (is) adouble agent for the Soviet Union or not, but basically in time it wasdiscovered he made all sorts of shit up, including two tank destroyer designs:the IT-122 and the IT-130.

  1978年,GRU的一位官员弗拉迪米尔•雷兹(现在知道得更多的是他的假名:维克多•苏沃诺夫)和他的家人一起叛逃到英国。作为一个军事分析员,他自然对英国的谍报部门兴趣有加,但是官员们对他进行了盘问。现在还不清楚“苏沃诺夫”是不是一个苏联双面间谍,但是当真相被揭露之前他已经造出了一堆谣言,包括2部坦克歼击车设计:IT-122和IT-130

  Now, the name itself is interesting. ITstands for "istrebitel tankov" - "tank destroyer". Wartimeand post-war self-propelled guns were generally referred to as "SU"("samochodnaja ustanovka" - "self-propelled gun"), the"IT" designation was generally obsolete and belonged to some pre-warproject (namely for example the IT-45, or "Soviet Hetzer", a small andcheap tank destroyer early war project, scheduled to appear in WoT next year bythe way) . Its use for post-war tank destroyer was strange.

  他们的名字本身就很有意思。IT的意思是"istrebitel tankov"(坦克歼击车)。而战时和战后的自行火炮项目都被称作SU("samochodnaja ustanovka"---自行火炮),IT的代号已经过时,只被战前的一些项目所使用(比如说IT-45,即苏联版追猎者,一个战争初期的小巧且廉价的坦克歼击车项目,计划于明年加入WoT)。IT的代号被用于一些战后的项目着实很奇怪。

  It is not known whether the Britishsecret service fell for it or not, but both designs somehow made it to thewestern literature, including Steven Zaloga's older books (Soviet Assault Guns,1983). Not much is known on Suvorov's IT-122 project, but in literature, it isoften paired with these images:

  还不知道英国的谍报部门是否被糊弄了,但是IT-122和IT-130都出现在了西方的文献中,包括史蒂芬•扎洛的一些早期书籍(《苏联突击炮》,1983)。关于苏沃诺夫的IT-122项目没有什么资料,但是在相关文献中,通常配有如下的两张图:

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  Seen it before? Ithought so, because the vehicle on the images is the SU-122-54, a tankdestroyer based on the T-54 from mid 50's, which is already in the game as atier 9 tank destroyer of the alternative Soviet TD branch. It is my belief (andS.Zaloga's, who later corrected the information)that the SU-122-54 design got somehowmixed into the whole mess, designated IT-122 and made it eventually intovarious western literature sources. The same opinion is also shared by SerB,who at some point last year stated that the IT-122 is a fake and is in fact acase of mistaken identity of the SU-122-54. Here, a real SU-122-54 picture:

  眼熟不?这就是SU-122-54的照片,50年代中期提出的基于T-54的坦克歼击车项目,在游戏中作为苏联TD 2线的9级车。作者相信(S•扎洛也在后来改正了错误)SU-122-54不知怎么的代号变成了IT-122,并出现在多种西方文献中。SerB也持有同样的观点,在12年的某个时候就称IT-122实际上是不存在的,只是SU-122-54一个搞错的称谓。下图就是SU-122-54的实车图

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  The IT-130 idea camefrom the same source. In this case, according to Suvorov's info, it is supposedto be a T-62 based tank destroyer from the 60's, equipped with a 130mm cannon,with similiar construction to the "IT-122". The only source of thecannon identity are the sketches from "Suvorov" (the followingpicture depicts the "IT-122"the “IT-130”

  IT-130的消息来源相同。根据苏沃诺夫的信息,这将会是60年代提出的基于T-62的一个坦克歼击车方案,装备一门130mm加农炮,和所谓IT-122的布局相同。关于其主炮型号的唯一资料来源同样是苏沃诺夫。下图从上到下分别是IT-122和IT-130

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  The identity of the 130mmgun was not clear either, as at that time, the names of the Soviet guns werenot really known. It was reported as "M-46", but who knows...

  130mm炮的型号同样未知,不过在那个年代苏联炮的名称也不是很明晰。据称叫做M-46,但是谁说的准呢…

  Either way, both ofthese tanks (under such designations) never existed. There however WAS a real ISU-130 project. Designated "Object250", it was an experimental vehicle based on the IS chassis from 1944,built at Factory No.100 under the supervision of the famous Soviet tankdesigner, J.Kotin and equipped with a naval 130mm gun, designated S-26 (theoriginal name was B-13). It was a basically an ISU-152 with a different gun(the gun was equal in power and penetration to the BL-9). Only one prototypewas ever made and tested. This is how it looked:

  不管怎么说,以IT为前缀的两部坦克是不存在的。不过历史上确有ISU-130项目存在。它的代号为250工程,是一个1944年提出的基于IS车体的试验型坦克设计。在著名设计师科京的监督下于100厂建造,装备一门130mm海军炮(代号S-26,但是最初的名字是B-13)。它基本上就是装备了不同主炮的ISU-152(这炮在威力和穿深上与BL-9接近)。只造出了一部原型车接受了测试。它的外观如下图所示:

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