英联邦那些特殊武器设计 有望加入坦克世界中

  This is CommonwealthUncommons. The goal here is to take a look and investigate some really uncommonand interesting designs from the UK and her Commonwealths. Today, it*s Canada.I*ve got some probably unheard of guns, and some vehicles that might fit theirway into a tank tree or premium vehicles.

  这是英联邦的一些非同寻常的武器。把它们列出来的目的是从英国及其联邦国发掘并探索一些罕见且有趣的设计。这次是来源于加拿大的设计。下面会提到一些闻所未闻的火炮,或者战车,可能放进科技树中或者作为金币车出现

  David Gun

  大卫炮

  Named after “... a little fellow who throws a small stones with great speed andaccuracy.”, the David gun was a a fairly simple idea, designed at a time whenresources were of absolute importance. Make a gun that used existing 2-pounderammunition and barrels and improve performance as much as possible.

  因“一个小家伙以极高的速度和准头扔出一块小石子”的说法而得名,大卫炮的设计思想很简单,它设计于资源稀缺的年代,旨在利用现存的2磅炮弹药和炮管尽可能提升其表现。

1

  Using common componentsfrom the 2-pounder and 6-pounder, the David gun was, in layman*s terms, a 6pounder casing necked down to accept the smaller 2-pounder projectile .Although designed as an infantry based weapon, it was intended to be mounted onany tank that could accept the 6 pounder (and some that could accept the2-pounder).

  大卫炮使用来自2磅和6磅炮的部件,用外行的话来说,将6磅炮的套管收缩以适应2磅炮的炮弹。尽管是作为步兵武器设计,它也可以安装在任意可以容纳6磅炮(或者一些可以容纳2磅炮)的坦克上

  The most impressivepart of the David gun can be shown in a raw statistic- rounds would leave thebarrel at 4150 fps (SS: 1264 m/s)! Compare this to the seemingly meage 2650 fps(SS: 807 m/s) when the same ammo type was fired from the 2-Pounder Mk X. Thiswas a true hyper velocity gun, firing at over 4000 feet per second- and, withthe addition of the Littlejohn adapter and the Mk 1 Littlejohn ammo, thatnumber increased to 5058 fps (1550 m/s)!

  大卫炮最令人震撼之处可以通过一份粗略的统计数据显示:炮弹能够以1264m/s的速度离开炮管,和炮口初速为807m/s(当时这个数值已经很高了)的MK.X型2磅炮相比,这着实是一门超高速火炮,而且在搭配了小约翰适配器以及MK.1型小约翰弹药之后,炮口初速进一步达到了1550m/s

  The gun managed topenetrate with the 149mm armor penetration while using the APCR ammo duringpoint blank test fires on flat armor. No penetration performance of the shotwith the Littlejohn was recorded (at least none that I could fine) but onecould postulate a bit and ballpark the number at in the 170-180mm range, ofcourse, this was at very short ranges.

  在使用APCR弹药时的穿深达到了149mm(垂直装甲),但是安装了小约翰之后的穿深数据却没有记录,不过可以猜测这一数值将会达到170-180mm---当然是在较短的距离上

  “Canuck”Gun

  “科纳克(加拿大人)”炮

  Much like the David Gun, the Canuck gun was requested at a time when guns wereat an absolute premium. The Commonwealth in its entirety was scrambling to finda replacement for the 6 pounder in order to keep up with German development,and several projects were started concurrently, such as the 8-pounder,12-pounder, 75mm Vickers and 17 Pounder Projects. The Canadian contribution wasthe so-called “Canuck Gun”

  “科纳克”炮和大卫炮相当类似,同样是开发于火炮很稀缺的年代。整个英联邦都在努力开发6磅炮的替代方案以跟上德国火炮的发展,许多项目由此得以并行发展,包括8磅炮,12磅炮,75mm维克斯炮以及17磅炮项目。加拿大的贡献在于所谓的“科纳克”炮。

1

  The gun was effectively alengthened 6-pounder, stretched out from the earlier L/43 and L/50, to the L/63length. Tests with the weapon showed a muzzle velocity of from 990 m/s withAPCBC. Compare this with average of 792 m/s and 831 m/s for the L/43 and L/50guns. Firing APCR the recorded penetration was 130mm at 30 degrees comparedwith the 100mm penetration of a L/43 shooting APCR with both shots at 400 yard.

  这炮实际上就是加长的6磅炮,以早期的L/43和L/50为基础,将身管加长至63倍径。测试显示该炮在发射APCBC时的炮口初速达到了990m/s(相比之下L/43的为792m/s,L/50的则为831m/s)。记录中APCR在400码距离上的穿深达到了130mm/30度(L/43的APCR在相同距离上穿深只有100mm)

  Although the weaponwas seen as an improvement and a success it was abandoned, as existing6-pounder designs, firing the more advanced APDS ammo could achieve similarperformance. I don*t believe the weapon was ever tested for performance withAPDS rounds. Although oddly enough the weapon was used as a testbed to testmuzzle breaks for later marks of 6-pounders, firing APDS with high pressurecasings (performance of that was never recorded as the weapon as a project wasabandoned by that point.)

  尽管这炮确实是6磅炮的改进,在测试中也获得了成功,但是却被放弃,因为现存的6磅炮在发射更先进的APDS时可以达到相似的效果。作者表示这炮并没有用APDS测试过。奇怪的是这炮作为测试后期型号6磅炮炮口制退器的平台,发射带高压护套的APDS(该种弹药的测试表现从未被记录,因为这个项目在那个时候已被放弃)

1

  In World of Tanks, we get 105 and 110 with silver, 170 and 180mm with *gold* round penetration (on the L/43 and L/50 respectively). I*d imagine the Canuck gun might be able to achieve 140mm and 200mm “gold” penetration, using ballpark figures. Wargaming*s penetration figures are a little wonky on the 6-pounders (they*re using APCBC for “AP” and using APDS figures for “APCR”) but at least we wouldn*t be consistently wrong.

  在WOT中,6磅L/43炮银币弹穿深为105,金币弹穿深为170;6磅L/50炮的金币、银币弹穿深分别为110和180。作者猜测“科纳克”炮的穿深为大致为140(银币弹)和200(金币弹)。WG关于6磅炮的穿深数据不太靠谱,他们将APCBC的穿深当成AP的,APDS的当作APCR的,不过至少作者手头的数据不会错

  The Canuck was onlyslightly more heavy than the existing 6-pounder and as such could feasibly bemounted in just about any tank that uses a 6-pounder. It was also planned totest it in mountings in a number of tanks, supposedly it was predicted that itcould be used to engage German Tigers and Panthers. The M10 or M4 tank or a SPGmounting on a Bren Carrier or Loyd Carrier were a few examples ofconsiderations. I would particularly enjoy a RAMII in the tank tree with such aweapon.

  “科纳克”仅比现存的6磅炮稍重,也就是说它能够安装在任何能够容纳6磅炮的坦克上。实际上有计划将其安装在多部坦克上,计划用来对付德国的虎式和豹式。比如说M10狼獾,M4谢尔曼,或者基于布伦式/洛依德运兵车的自行火炮都是考虑搭载的对象。当然如果公羊2能够搭载这炮,那可真是喜大普奔

  6 PounderSP – Airborne

  自行6磅炮---空降型

  In April 1943 plans were drawn up for a light-weight, low profile tracked 6pounder to take either the 6-pounder or the QF Mk V 75mm (a bored out6-pounder).

  1943年4月出现了一部轻量化、外形低矮的履带式6磅炮,既可搭载6磅炮,也可搭载QFMK.V型75mm炮(即扩大内膛的6磅炮)

1

  It was based off auniversal carrier with one less roadwheel per side, powered by a 60 hp Jeepengine with the Jeep gearbox. It would have a crew of two and carry 70 roundsof ammunition. Total length would be no longer than 4.6m, with 1.3m high, withatop speed of 64 kmph, a gun traverse of 15 degrees in either direction,elevation of 20, depression of -7.

  这个设计以通用载具为基础,减少了一对负重轮,由一台带吉普的变速箱的60马力吉普引擎驱动。乘员2人,载弹量70发。总长度不超过4.6m,高1.3m,极速64km/h,左右射界均为15度,俯仰角则为-7—+20度

1

  It was designed forairborne type operations, but due to the fact that even with its tiny size itfailed to fit inside the Horsa gliders, it wasn*t adopted. It was however, anextremely tiny tank!

  该战车设计用于空降行动,但是虽然它的尺寸很小,还是没法将它塞进霍莎式滑翔机中。因为这个原因它没有被采纳。不过,这还是一个非常小巧的坦克

  The artillery users*committee considered its use as a replacement for a standard 6 pounder but thiswas seen as unfeasible, as the 2 man crew would severely limit the gun*s rateof fire (a second carrier was suggested to carry the remainder of the crew andammo). This would be suitable as a low-tier TD.

  炮兵委员会考虑将其作为标准6磅炮的替换,但是它看上去不够灵活,因为2人车组会严重限制主炮的射速(第二部载具计划增加一个乘员用于装填弹药)。这作为低级TD将会很适合。

  Sextontank destroyer

  司事坦克歼击车

  During 1942, there was a concern within the Canadian military about thesupposed shortage of proper, effective armored vehicles, which were able toengage the rapidly improving german armor. Canadian Lt. General McNaughton madea request to mate the 25 Pounder Ram SP (later called the Sexton) with a 17Pounder.

  1942年间,加拿大军队注意到缺乏一部合适有效的装甲车来应对快速发展的德国装甲部队。加拿大中将麦克诺顿建议将25磅“公羊”自行火炮(后来被改称为司事)换装17磅炮

1

  The concept was asound one, early 17-pounders were actually built into existing 25-poundercarriages, without much modification to their recoil mechanisms- so why notsimply mount it on a tank that had the same mountings?

  早期的17磅炮确实有安装在现存的25磅炮载具上,没有对17磅炮的后座系统进行太多的修改---那为什么不将17磅炮安装在其它25磅炮的载具上呢?

1

  It wasn*t long before a prototype wasmocked up, and it turned out that the 17 Pounder was a little difficult tomount than previously expected. Once mounted correctly, the gun stuck out a bittoo far from the front of the vehicle, exposing important mechanical parts topotential damage. The long gun and huge breech and recoil length kept the guns*traverse quite limited and required some significant changing of the internalcrew layout of the Sexton.

  不久之后就造出了一部原型车,但却发现17磅炮比之前预想的要难于安装。一旦按照常规位置安装,主炮露出车体的部分会很多,关键的机械部分也会处于无防护的状态。身管较长的火炮,巨大的炮尾以及较长的后座距离使得主炮射界受限,需要对司事的内部乘员布局进行大调整

  There was also a plan to mount the 3.7inch Anti-Aircraft gun (it had a superior HE round and supposedly slightlysuperior armour penetration at all distances) and it was claimed the two gunswould be “interchangeable” with very little effort. According to documents itwas less difficult to mount the 3.7 inch gun than the 17, the gun was shorterand allowed overall greater traverse. Mountings for the British pattern 3inAnti-Aircraft gun were planned as well, if weapons such as the 3.7 or17-pounder could not be procured.

  同样还有将3.7英寸防空炮装车的计划(该炮的HE效果更好,而且在全距离上的穿甲厚度也更佳),据称17磅炮和3.7英寸炮可以轻松实现互换。据称3.7英寸炮比17磅炮更易装车---炮身更短,射界更大。除此之外,以防出现3.7磅炮或者17磅炮无法获得的情况,还有计划安装3英寸防空炮

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